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Historic Sites

Historic Sites

Find out what are some of the best famous historical sites!

Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau is home to a rich history.

The region is full of historic and cultural sites and festivals that celebrate the long history of this region and the people that make it special. To view a video of the Cumberland Historical Society that showcases some of these special places, click here.

Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau consists of the following 21 counties:
(Select any county to review the historial sites within each county.)

  • Anderson
  • Bledsoe
  • Campbell
  • Claiborne
  • Cumberland
  • Fentress
  • Franklin
  • Grundy
  • Hamilton
  • Marion
  • Morgan
  • Overton
  • Pickett
  • Putnam
  • Rhea
  • Roane
  • Scott
  • Sequatchie
  • Van Buren
  • Warren
  • White



Freels Cabin
Museum of Appalachia
Christmas in Old Appalachia
July 4th Celebration and Anvil Shoot
Norris Dam State Park Spring Heritage Festival & Car/Truck Show

Secret City Festival
Tennessee Fall Homecoming
Southern Appalachia Railway Museum
Cross Mountain Miners’ Circle (NRHP in progress)
Fraterville Miners’ Circle
Lake City Coal Creek Miners Museum & Coal Trail 865-426-7914
Norris Historic District 865-457-4542
Norris Dam State Park 865-426-7461
American Museum of Science & Energy
Bear Creek Road Checking Station
Bethel Valley Road Checking Station
Manhattan Project National Historical Park (under development)
Oak Ridge Historic District
Oak Ridge Turnpike Checking Station
X-10 Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory National Historic Landmark


Bledsoe County Agricultural Fair 423-447-2852
Fall Harvest Festival
Edmon’s Family Farm Bluegrass Festivals 423-533-2720
Nine Mile Volunteer Fire Dept. Bluegrass Festivals 423-533-2659
Pikeville Chapel AME Zion Church
Dr. James A. Ross House
South Main Street Historic District


Old-Fashioned Fall Fest
Jellico Commercial Historic District


Big Spring Union Church
Powell Valley Male Academy
Lincoln Memorial University


Walton Road/Avery Trace
Cumberland County Fair

Pioneer Day on the Mountain
Native American heritage festivals (Crossville)
Cumberland Homesteads Historic District
Camp Nakanawa Wigwam
Crossville Tennessee Highway Patrol Building
Cumberland County Courthouses
Cumberland Mountain School


Sgt. Alvin C. York State Park
Forbus Historic District
Fentress County Agricultural Fair
Bluegrass & Craft Festival
Jamestown Jamboree
Masonic Lodge Bluegrass Festival
Old Timers Day Bluegrass Festival
Old Fentress County Jail
Allardt Historic District
Bruno Gernt House – a bed and breakfast 800-327-3945


University of the South
Falls Mills & Falls Mills Historic District
Taste of the Mountain Food Fair 931-924-5353
Shade Tree Pickin’
Trinity Episcopal Church
Cowan Depot
Cumberland Mountain Tunnel
Bank of Winchester Building 931-962-0626
Franklin County Jail 931-967-6788
University of the South


Grundy County Fair
Altamont City Park Jam 931-692-2412
Tracy City Pickin’ Barn
Native American heritage festivals (Tracy City)
Beersheeba Springs Historic District
Grundy County Courthouse Square 931-692-3718
Coalmont Coke Ovens
Grundy Lakes Historic District
Tracy City Coke Ovens
Monteagle Sunday School Assembly Historic District
Highlander Folk School


Battles of Chattanooga Anniversary
Folklife Festivals & Craft Artisans
Fall Color Cruise & Folk Festival
Pioneer Festival
Sandhill Crane Viewing & Cherokee Indian Heritage Days
Audubon Acres Annual Fiddle Fest & Bob Douglas Memorial
Boxcar Pinion Memorial Bluegrass Festival
Chattanooga Dulcimer Group 423-886-6338
Chattanooga Traditional Dance Society
Folk Jam at Audubon Acres
Graysville Jam Session
Hardee’s Gospel Sing
Mountain Opry
Red Bank Acoustic Music Club Jam Session
Riverbend Music Festival
Riverwalk Park Friends of Folk Music Event
Snow Hill Bluegrass Jamboree
Audubon Acres Site
Brainerd Mission Cemetery
Hampton Place Archaelogical Site
Mallards Dozen Archaelogical Site
Moccasin Bend Archaelogical District National Historic Landmark
Chattanooga Union Station
Chattanooga, Harrison, Georgetown & Charleston Railroad Tunnel
Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum
Battle for Chattanooga Museum
Chattanooga National Cemetery
Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park & Historic District
Cravens House, Lookout Mountain
Missionary Ridge Railroad Tunnel Reservation
Reflection Riding (Nature Center)
Ross’s Landing
Silverdale Confederate Cemetery
Stewart Monument at Hamilton Co. Courthouse
Tyner Redoubt Park
Wauhatchie Pike Hiking Trail
Wiley Memorial Methodist Church
East Tennessee Iron Manufacturing Co. Blast Furnace
Booker T. Washington State Park
Harrison Bay State Park
Chattanooga Car Barns
Ferger Place Historic District
Fort Wood Historic District
Fountain Square Historic District
Glenwood Historic District
M.L. King Boulevard Historic District
Market & Main Streets Historic District
Market Street Warehouse District
Tennessee Aquarium

Tennessee Riverwalk Greenway


Ketner’s Mill & Bridge Historic District
Ketner’s Mill Country Arts Fair
National Cornbread Festival
Clayton’s Pickin’ Barn Performance Night
Tri-State Bluegrass Festival
Christ Episcopal Church & Parish House
McKendree Methodist Episcopal Church
Primitive Baptist Church of Sweeten’s Cove
First National Bank of South Pittsburg
Kelly’s Ferry Landing
Peter Turney Birthplace site
South Pittsburg Historic District
Lodge Manufacturing Co.


Historic Rugby
Historic Rugby Events & Workshops
1880 Newbury House – A Bed & Breakfast
Rugby Festival of British & Appalachian Culture
Frozen Head Wildflower Pilgrimage
Rugby Pilgrimage
Foothills Craft & Music Festival
Rocky Fork Jamboree
Lone Mountain State Forest
Walton Road/Avery Trace


Officer Farmstead Historic District
Overton County Fair
Standing Stone Rolley Hole Marble Festival
Overton County Bluegrass Festival
Overton County Courthouse
Standing Stone State Park


Pickett State Park
Cordell Hull Folk Festival
Annual Gospel Singing
Sierra Hull Bluegrass Festival
Cordell Hull Birthplace State Park
Pickett State Rustic Park Historic District


Walton Road/Avery Trace
Cookeville to Nashville Excursion Train
Cookin’ on the Square
Middle Tennessee Antique Engine & Tractor Show
Muddy Pond Molasses Stir-Off
Putnam County Agricultural & Industrial Fair
Standing Stone Celebration
Tennessee Central Railroad Rendezvous Springfest
Algood Methodist Church
Native American heritage festivals (Monterey)
Cookeville Railroad Depot
Putnam County Agricultural & Industrial Fair


Antique Tractor
Dayton Strawberry Festival
Scopes Festival
Tennessee Strawberry Festival
Dayton Hardee’s Gospel Sing-Along
Texas Ruby Apple Harvest Festival
Rhea County Courthouse National Historic Landmark
Bailey House Bed & Breakfast (home of John Scopes)
Bryan College
Dr. Walter Thomison House Now called Magnolia House


Fort Southwest Point
Walton Road/Avery Trace
Valley View Farm Historic District
Kingston Avenue Historic District
Old Roane Country Courthouse
Wheat African-American Cemetery
Oliver Springs Historic District
Cornstalk Heights Historic District
Harriman City Hall
Roane County Courthouse
Roane Street Commercial Historic District


Paint Rock Creek Covered Bridge
Cultural Heritage Day
Pioneer Encampment
Scott County Fair
Spring Planting Festival
Glenmary Coke Ovens (NRHP in progress)
Honey Creek State Natural Area


North Chickamauga Creek State Natural Area
Dunlap Coke Ovens Park
Dunlap Coke Ovens Festival
Fredonia Mountain Jamboree
Douglas Coal & Coke Co. Clubhouse

Van Buren

Mountaineer Folk Festival
Fall Creek Falls Mountaineer Folk Festival
Rocky River Bluegrass Festival
Spencer Bluegrass Festival
Crain Hill School & Church


July 4th Blackberry Festival
First Methodist Church
First Presbyterian Church
Philadelphia Church of Christ
Great Falls Cotton Mill
Falcon Rest Mansion
The Southern Museum and Galleries of Photography, History and Culture
Warren County Heritage Center and Museum


Sparta Rock House
White County Fair
Bluegrass at the Sparta Amphitheater
Golden Mountain Spring Bluegrass Festival
Great Falls Hydroelectric Station Historic District
Sparta Residential Historic District

Welcome to Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau

Welcome to Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau

Tennessee’s Appalachian Cumberland Plateau

Welcome to Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau, one of the nation’s foremost natural and historical recreation areas. The 21 counties lying entirely or partially on the plateau contain:

    • Over 500,000 acres in publicly owned recreation lands:(compared to 517,000 acres in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.) This acreage includes


        3 National Park system units


        15 State Parks


        14 State Natural Areas


        7 State Forests


        23 Wildlife Management Areas or Refuges, including one of only two elk herds in the southeast


        1 National Scenic River and 3 State Scenic Rivers


    • Approximately 700 miles of State Scenic Byways.


    • 919 miles of trails and greenways, including the 280-mile Cumberland Trail now under construction, federally designated as a National Millennium Legacy Trail, which will be one of longest continuous mountain trails in the eastern United States.


    • 250 sites on the National Register of Historic Places, including 44 Historic Districts.


    • Remnants of several historic roads across the Plateau, including Daniel Boone’s Wilderness Road, the Walton Road, the Trail of Tears, and the Chattanooga-McMinnville Stage Road.


    • 4 National Historic Landmarks.


    • 8 National Natural Landmarks.


    • 3.8 million acres of Forest. Forest covers an estimated 67.5% of all counties of the Plateau, providing good wildlife habitat and scenic value.


    • 7 reservoirs of over 1000 acres, and 32 smaller lakes.


    • World-class diversity of animal and aquatic species.


According to the World Wildllife Fund, the Cumberland Plateau’s ecoregion represents one of the most biologically diverse temperate forests and freshwater systems in the world.


An extraordinary concentration of scenic attractions, caused by a unique geology.

The Cumberland Plateau’s geology, with hard sandstone caprock overlaying soluble limestone, is distinctly different from other mountain ranges in the US. As a result, the Plateau has a greater diversity of scenic attractions than other mountains in the eastern U.S. :

    • 122 natural bridges and stone arches, including 16 over 30 feet in height and four over 60 feet in height, most in public ownership.


    • 22 chimney formations, including 14 over 20 feet in height and one 200 feet high, most in public ownership.


    • Hundreds of miles of sandstone cliffs up to 120 feet tall, including four of the finest rock climbing sites in the southeast.


    • 164 waterfalls, including 39 over fifty feet and 10 over 100 feet, most in public ownership. This list includes the highest waterfall east of the Mississippi.


    • 280 caves, 21 of which are described as “extensive,” including Cumberland Caverns, Big Bone Cave, and Wonder Cave.


    • Many wild and spectacular gorges, including Savage Gulf State Natural Area (11,000 acres), containing one of the nation’s most significant remnants of virgin cove forest.


  • 1200 miles of rivers and streams identified by the National Park Service as having “outstandingly remarkable” natural or cultural values judged to be of national significance. The Plateau counties contain 45 out of a total of 100 Tennessee streams so classified by the NPS.

For infomation about the distances to the plateau from major metropolitan areas click here.

Natural Sites

Natural Sites

Amazing natural places in the world with wonders and great scenery for tourist attraction.

Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau is home to vast forests and beautiful scenery as well as opportunities to see wildlife and the natural wonders of waterfalls, rivers, lakes, arches, caves and cliffs.

Tennessee’s Cumberland Plateau consists of the following 21 counties:

Van Buren
    Cumberland Trail State Park Norris Dam State Park
    Norris Watershed City Park (contains Lenoir Museum Cultural Complex) 800-457-4542
  • Bledsoe
    Bledsoe State Forest
  • Campbell
    Cumberland Trail State ParkCove Lake Park
    Norris Dam State Park
    Royal Blue Wildlife Management Area
    Chuck Swan Wildlife Management Area

  • Claiborne
    Cudjo Caverns
    Cumberland Trail State Park Cumberland Gap National Historic Park & Cumberland Gap Historic District
  • Cumberland
    Catoosa Wildlife Management Area
    Catoosa Wildlife Management Area
    Cumberland Trail State Park
    Obed River Arboretum and Park
    Bledsoe State Forest 615-452-3706
    Cumberland Mountain State Park 800.250.8618
    Ozone Falls 877.465.3861
  • Fentress
    Colditz Cove State Natural Area
    Horseback Riding Trails
    Christian Tunnel
    Catoosa Wildlife Management Area
    Big South Fork National River & Recreation Area

  • Franklin
    University of the South
    Walls of Jericho State Natural Area
    Bear Hollow Wildlife Management Area
    Franklin State Forest
  • Grundy
    South Cumberland State Recreation Area
  • Hamilton
    Tennessee River Gorge
    Lookout Mountain Natural Bridge
    Raccoon Mountain Overlook
    North Chickamauga Creek State Natural Area
    Falling Water Falls
    Cumberland Trail State Park
    Julia Falls
    Bluff Trail Arch
    Lookout Mountain Caverns & Cavern Castle Historic District (NRHP)
  • Marion
    Prentice Cooper State Wildlife Management Area
    Cumberland Trail State Park
    Tennessee River Gorge
    Russell Cave National Monument
    Franklin State Forest
    Nickajack Cave
  • Morgan
    Big South Fork National River
    Frozen Head State Park 423-346-3318
    Catoosa Wildlife Management Area
    Obed National Wild Scenic River 423-346-6294
    Catoosa Wildlife Management Area
    Cumberland Trail State Park
    Barnetts Rib
    Hegler Arches
  • Overton
    Standing Stone State Park
  • Pickett
    Pickett State Park
    Cordell Hull Birthplace State Park
    Tunnel Trail Arches
    Hwy 154 Natural Bridge
    Greenwood Cliff Arch
  • Putnam
    Burgess Falls State Park and Natural Area
  • Rhea
    Laurel Snow Natural Area
    Stinging Fork Falls Natural Area
    Piney Falls Natural Area
    Cumberland Trail State Park
ca. 1981-1982, Cumberland Gap National Historic Park, USA — Fog in the Cumberland Plateau — Image by © David Muench/CORBIS
  • Roane
    Mount Roosevelt Wildlife Management
  • Scott
    Big South Fork National River & Recreation Area
    Scott State Forest
    Sundquist Wildlife Management Area
    Twin Arches
    Cumberland Trail State Park
    Russell Arch
    Betty Branch Arch
  • Sequatchie
    North Chickamauga Creek State Natural Area
  • Van Buren
    Fall Creek Falls State Park
    Piney Creek Falls
    Bledsoe State Forest
    Medley Arch
    Big Bone Cave State Natural Area & National Natural Landmark
  • Warren
    Cumberland Caverns
    Rock Island State Park and Natural Area
  • White
    Bridgestone/Firestone Centennial Wildlife Management Area
    Virgin Falls Pocket Wilderness State Natural Area
    Rock Island State Park and Natural Area
    Sheep Falls 931-836-3552

Also, bring gear that you might need, like that backpack!

Great Travel Outdoor Ideas You Should Ponder and Experience

Great Travel Outdoor Ideas You Should Ponder and Experience

Best Outdoor and Country  Tourism Vacations. Extream and for Family.

An outdoor travel experience can be one of the most exciting moments of your life. It’s a dare that you should make and take the plunge to live it so you ca experience excitement, satisfaction and a sense of achievement. It’s exploration at its best that you can do on foot, bicycle, horseback or from a vantage point! Get all the inspiration you long for by taking part in these outdoor excursions.

· Whale watching:

watching the migration of 27 species of whales and dolphins has got to be an awesome sight. You can watch them from the Cabrillo National Monument in San Diego; in Santa Barbara or Monterey Bay in California; the Kodiak Islands of Alaska plus many more sites. Where there are gray whales, you will find killer whales which hunt these massive over 40 foot long and over 30 tons heavy behemoths for food! This migration event can be enjoyed as far away as the Hawaiian Islands where seasonal migration of Humpback Whales can be witnessed from the National Marine Sanctuary.

· Outback trails:

if you crave excitement off the main road and onto rough terrain tracks then you should take a look at the Hollister Hills in California or the bush tracks of Moab in Utah. If you fancy rough driving through thick mud, you have an impressive selection of sites from the Cliffs Insane Terrain Of-Road Park in Illinois, the Whipsaw Trail in British Columbia (Central), the Shilo Ridge in Texas and the Redneck Yacht Club in Florida. Any of these will provide you with enough excitement for a lifetime.

· Mud trail rides:

rough rides through the mud tracks in the outback can be an unforgettable experience. The best of these can be found in Moab, Utah and the Redneck Yacht Club in Florida. It’s at these two sites that you’ll get the best riding experience of the wet and muddy type. The track in Moab, Utah has been a battle ground for mountain bikers, hikers, rafters and off the road travellers. The trail has been so frequented and dissected some of the trails have had to be closed off but the fun still goes on at other sections of the area.

· Florida mud trails outshines all others:

The Redneck Yacht Club in Florida is classed as the ultimate destination for mud rides and off-road enthusiasts. The mud track comprises an 800 acres park dotted with 3 mud holes and a mud track for all the mud spraying you care to handle but in addition, you get treated to a drive-thru wash after the rough ride, camping space, a selection of food vendors and many more to relax your muscles after the rough ride.

· Scenic parks and forests:

if you are more tuned in to scenic and aesthetic beauty you can drive through the Pacific Northwest Trail that spans 1,200 miles of scenic natural landscapes, national parks and forests. Or you can opt to travel along the Applachian Trail on a long treck of discovery and scenic beauty through 14 states from Georgia to Maiine.

These selections of outdoor activities can excite your days during the coming months so you’d better start preparing yourself.